Lars Ågren, Kollektivhuset Stacken, Göteborg, Sweden, 1969-1980. The first small collective house of the multi-family dwelling “Swedish model”. © Claes Caldenby.
Kollektivhus

the Swedish model

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52200/65.A.78U9KN9V

Keywords:

Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing, Post-war housing, Welfare architecture, Mass housing, Collective housing, Swedish modern architecture, Kollektivhus, Co-housing, Hässelby Family Hotel, Carl-Axel Acking, Kollektivhuset Trädet, hsb architects, Kollektivhuset Stacken, Lars Ågren

Abstract

Today there is a new wave of co-housing internationally. Co-housing is here understood as collaborative housing, based on collaboration between residents on cooking and house maintenance, a new phenomenon since the 1980s. Sweden has a tradition since early modernism of kollektivhus, collective houses, in multi-family dwellings with employed staff managing household work. In Sweden today there are only some 40 true kollektivhus or co-housing projects, while ordinary Swedish postwar multi-family dwellings have common facilities that potentially would make them co-housing. Co-housing is often seen as a sustainable house form, but a problem is that they mainly reach middle-class residents.

How to Cite

Caldenby, C. (2021). Kollektivhus: the Swedish model. Docomomo Journal, (65), 92–97. https://doi.org/10.52200/65.A.78U9KN9V

Published

2021-07-01

Author Biography

Claes Caldenby, Chalmers University of Technology

(Uppsala, Sweden, 1946). Architect, PhD in theory and history of architecture. Professor emeritus at Chalmers School of Architecture in Gothenburg and co-editor of Arkitektur, the Swedish review of architecture, since 1977.

References

CALDENBY, Claes, WALLDÉN, Åsa, Kollektivhus: Sovjet och Sverige omkring 1930 [Collective houses: Soviet and Sweden around 1930], Stockholm, Byggforskningsrådet, 1979.

CALDENBY, Claes, WALLDÉN, Åsa, Kollektivhuset Stacken [The collective house the Ant-Hill], Göteborg, Bokförlaget Korpen, 1984.

GRESLERI, Jacopo, Cohousing: Esperienze internazionali di abitare condiviso, Busalla, plug_in, 2015.

HAGBERT, Pernilla et al., Contemporary Co-Housing in Europe: Towards Sustainable Cities?, London, New York, Routledge, 2020.

HILLIER, Bill, HANSON, Julienne, The Social Logic of Space, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1984.