Duarte Nuno Simões and Maria João Cardoso, linear housing buildings, Telheiras, Lisbon, Portugal, 1977. © Ana Tostões, 2021.
Large-scale housing projects in Lisbon

Olivais and Telheiras

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52200/65.A.CAH2R2X9

Keywords:

Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing, Post-war housing, Welfare architecture, Mass housing, Lisbon modern architecture, Olivais Norte, Olivais Sul, Telheiras Sul

Abstract

The neighborhoods of Olivais Norte (1960), Olivais Sul (1963) and Telheiras Sul (1974) are paradigmatic examples of the Portuguese State’s response to the housing shortage that was acknowledged in Lisbon, in the period of the post-WWII. Featuring a varied catalogue of architectural trends, this series of projects demonstrated extensive structural, formal, and spatial experimentation that revealed the concerns and quest by their designers to respond to the need for “housing for the greatest number”. What all three projects shared was that they were large scale, publicly financed, started out with similar programs, and that various architectural teams were involved in each of them. The fact that they succeeded one another chronologically enables a critical reading to be made of the evolving interpretation of the Modern Movement in Lisbon, and the pursuit of modernity as an attitude that valued universality, rationality, and a fair response to new social orders.

How to Cite

Tostões, A., & Ferreira, Z. (2021). Large-scale housing projects in Lisbon: Olivais and Telheiras. Docomomo Journal, (65), 56–69. https://doi.org/10.52200/65.A.CAH2R2X9

Published

2021-07-01

Author Biographies

Ana Tostões, University of Lisbon

(Portugal, 1959). PhD, architect, architectural critic and historian, Chair of docomomo International and editor of docomomo Journal. Full Professor at Técnico – University of Lisbon, where she is coordinator of the architectural PhD program and the architecture research line of the Center for Innovation in Territory, Urbanism and Architecture (CiTUA). Her research field is the theory and history of architecture and construc- tion of the 20th century, focusing on worldwide cultural transfers. She was awarded the title of Commander of the Order of Infante Dom Henrique (2006), with the Gulbenkian Prize (2014) and with the BIAU Prize (2016).

Zara Ferreira, University of Lisbon

(Portugal, 1988). Architect, MSc in Architecture (2012, Técnico – University of Lisbon, thesis: The Modern and the Climate in the Lusophone Africa. School Buildings in Mozambique: The Fernando Mesquita Concept (1955–1975)). She was the secretary general of docomomo International and co-editor of docomomo Journal (2014-2018). She is currently doing a PhD on the pres- ervation of post-WWII European housing estates (Técnico – University of Lisbon) supported by a Doctoral Fellowship of the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT, SFRH/Bd/115196/2016).

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