Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oíza, Torres Blancas, Madrid, Spain, 1958-1972. Detail of the southern façade of the building. © Pedro Ibáñez, 2011, Archivo del Servicio Histórico de la Fundación Arquitectura coam.
Torres Blancas, a Vertical Garden City

Authors

Downloads

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52200/65.A.R36XTO0H

Keywords:

Modern Movement, Modern architecture, Modern housing, Post-war housing, Welfare architecture, Mass housing, Madrid modern architecture, Torres Blancas, Francisco Sáenz de Oíza, Experimental architecture, Organic architecture

Abstract

Torres Blancas, the building designed by Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oíza for the Huarte company, was built between 1964 and 1972. Its powerful sculptural form, the expressive use of bare concrete and its experimental nature make it an iconic example of Madrid’s architecture. Proposed as a vertical city with an organic emphasis, Torres Blancas is not the usual stack of flats, but a residential complex of independent housing units with garden terraces and the amenities of a small community. This building thus combines Le Corbusier’s unités d’habitation and Frank Lloyd Wright’s towers.

How to Cite

Sanz, A. (2021). Torres Blancas, a Vertical Garden City. Docomomo Journal, (65), 108–113. https://doi.org/10.52200/65.A.R36XTO0H

Published

2021-07-01

Issue

Section

Documentation Issues

Author Biography

Alberto Sanz, Technical University of Madrid

PhD in Architecture and Master in Gardening and Landscape from the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, where he teaches. Coordinator of the Historical Service of the Official College of Architects of Madrid (CoAM) and a member of docomomo Iberia, he has taken part in numerous critical projects on architecture.

References

CAPITEL, Antón, “Las ideas orgánicas como instru- mentos de proyecto. Torres Blancas y otras obras de Sáenz de Oíza”, Anales de Arquitectura, No. 2, Valladolid, Universidad de Valladolid, Secretariado de Publicaciones, 1990, 51-58.

FULLAONDO, Juan Daniel, “Torres Blancas, en la trayectoria de Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza”, Forma Nueva - El Inmueble, No. 10-11, 1966, 19-32.

HERNÁNDEZ LAMAS, Patricia, El jardín moderno en España (1926-1980), Madrid, PhD Thesis, Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 2017.

MARTÍNEZ GONZÁLEZ, Javier, GARCÍA ALONSO, Marta, “Construyendo Torres Blancas”, in Actas del Séptimo Congreso Nacional de Historia de la Construcción, Santiago, 26th-29th October 2011, Madrid, Instituto Juan de Herrera, 2011, 873-885.

SÁENZ GUERRA, Javier, Sáenz de Oíza y Torres Blancas. Una torre en plural, Buenos Aires, Diseño, 2016.

SÁENZ DE OÍZA, Francisco Javier, “Disertaciones”, El Croquis, No. 32-33, Madrid, El Croquis Editorial, 1988, 8-31.

SÁENZ DE OÍZA, Francisco Javier, “La elaboración del proyecto de Torres Blancas”, Nueva Forma, No. 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 1967, Madrid, 27-29, 35-36, 39-41, 43-44, 41-42 and 39-40 (respectively).

SÁENZ DE OÍZA, Francisco Javier, Visita Torres Blancas y Banco de Bilbao, Madrid, [Video] Madrid, COAM, ETSAM, 2000.

SÁENZ DE OÍZA, Francisco Javier, FERNÁNDEZ CASADO, Carlos, MANTEROLA ARMISEN, Javier, “Estructura de Torres Blancas”, Informes de la Construcción, No. 226, Madrid, Instituto Torroja, 1970, 43-64.

VELLÉS, Javier, “Oíza. Primera parte”, Arquitectura, No. 376, Madrid, CoAM, 2018, 108.